B-cell lymphoma refers to types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that are characterized by abnormalities of the "B-cells" (a type of white blood cell that makes antibodies to help fight infection). The condition may grow and spread slowly with few symptoms (also known as indolent lymphoma) or may be very aggressive with severe symptoms.
Disease: B Cell Leukemia, B Cell Lymphoma
Chinese PLA General Hospital
Status: Active recruiting
Autologous T cells engineered to express chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) against leukemia antigens such as CD19 on B cells have shown promising results for the treatment of relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies. However, a subset of cancer patients especially heavily pretreated cancer patients could be unable to receive this highly active therapy because of failed expansion. Moreover, it is still a challenge to manufacture an effective therapeutic product for infant cancer patients due to their small blood volume. On the other hand, the inherent characters of autologous CAR-T cell therapy including personalized autologous T cell manufacturing and widely "distributed" approach result in the difficulty of industrialization of autologous CAR-T cell therapy. Universal CD19-specific CAR-T cell(UCART019),derived from one or more healthy unrelated donors but could avoid graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) and minimize their immunogenicity, is undoubtedly an alternative option to address above-mentioned issues. We have generated gene-disrupted allogeneic CD19-directed BBζ CAR-T cells (termed UCART019) by combining the lentiviral delivery of CAR and CRISPR RNA electroporation to disrupt endogenous TCR and B2M genes simultaneously and will test whether it can evade host-mediated immunity and deliver antileukemic effects without GVHD.
The main goal of the phase 1 portion of this phase 1/2 trial is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of several doses of UCART019 in patients with relapsed or refractory CD19+ leukemia and lymphoma, so as to establish the recommended dose and/or schedule of UCART019 for phase 2 portion. The recommended Phase 2 dose will be defined as the highest dose level of UCART019 that induced DLT in fewer than 33% of patients (i.e., one dose level below that which induced DLT in at least two of six patients). Phase 2 portion of the trial will not be initiated until the recommended Phase 2 dose is determined. In the phase 2 portion of this trial, we will mainly determine if UCART019 help the body's immune system eliminate malignant B-cells. Safety of UCART019 and impact of this treatment on survival will also be observed.